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There is some question, however, whether the controlling hardness is the bulk hardness or simply surface hardness. 0000003371 00000 n 0000002146 00000 n

To learn more, please refer to the cookie policy. We have had better results with using two different stainless alloys rather than different hardness of the same alloy. I don't have data, just experience.

0000001174 00000 n Galling is the wearing away of the surface of certain materials that can lead to parts being permanently stuck together (friction/cold-welded). 0000001196 00000 n 0000020570 00000 n 0000008584 00000 n To find out more about the categories of personal information collected and the purposes for which such information will be used, please refer to our privacy policy. Practical Machinist is the easiest way to learn new techniques, get answers quickly and discuss common challenges with your peers. 0000021380 00000 n 0000001509 00000 n The 410 still has a degree of corrosion resistance and good strength characteristics. 0000009558 00000 n 0000031134 00000 n

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���.�+� With more than 10.6 million unique visitors over the last year, Practical Machinist is the most visited site for metalworking professionals. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 609 0 obj <>stream 0000002455 00000 n

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In case of sale of your personal information, you may opt out by sending us an email via our Contact Us page. ])�Q�> 'Ej"�E޾>�hWj��� �7�M����}7���xmqr��o�x���Mt�x���(]�5�c4�6�z��t��~��eߟ��r����m��i�^��9˿�m���~o�. API specifies that the two rings should have a Brinell hardness difference of at least 50 HB.

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x�b```�vY��ǀ |@1V�L�s�� R�}�����„4:�*8��$����|�V1�o~c���Dg�7�B����m2 �nn:��xv�9'EE_p��z���F�A�E��� f��r0͠d��\�I��4#o 0 ~�"C endstream endobj 608 0 obj <>/Size 571/Type/XRef>>stream There are reports that A2-80 and A4-80 0000000706 00000 n Hardness–In general, resistance to wear is increased by increasing hardness, provided other factors remain constant. 0000016638 00000 n 0000007649 00000 n �+T��� �7ؽ�;?�|�,!K�%dɲ�,Y��%s&8-uۙ��4g��,3�F�O�'�'�ӫ�+x�5j�VgF���l�O6O�'�'Ó͓�����d�dx�y2��K���k 0000002271 00000 n 0000000860 00000 n

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Tough Plus®, strongly resist galling.

0000004224 00000 n More specifically in 420 SS, 440 SS and A-2 tool steel. The latest industry news—straight to your inbox. A. I make a lot of stainless steel and nickel alloy threaded components. H�\�ݎ�0�{�—�+�,R)? 0000002372 00000 n 0000010294 00000 n

H�\��n�0��| Learn more about us. For example, attaching a titanium muzzle brake to a stainless steel barrel or that same barrel into a stainless steel … 0000008728 00000 n 0000030259 00000 n browsing data or IP addresses) and use cookies or other identifiers, which are necessary for its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. %PDF-1.4 %���� Z��Q;h�VhO���U�K�%�z ��^/���K�%�z ��^/���K�w�ޅ{�]^�_��� �Ro��)+'�M/S;2;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;r:p*�+�+�+�+�+�+�+�+�+����4�+�+3Qd��Zό2E&�L�(3Qd��D����2���#ONNONNONNONNONNONNO��� �O:F!M�����c�u����T c���y�m��m� 0000005079 00000 n

We make lots of medical components that need to be unscrewed or dis assembled and cleaned regularly( no lubrication permitted).

Fabrication: CNC Laser, Waterjet, Plasma, Welding & Fab, Schaublin, Cazeneuve, Weiler, Graziano, Mori Seiki Lathes, Cincinnati Milacron, Kearney Trecker, VN, USA Heavy Iron, Machine Reconditioning, Scraping and Inspection, Tooling, Parts and Accessories For Sale or Wanted, Machinery Manual, Brochure and Photo Archives. �C���2�� >�u� �D�jI��߾�� iqw>��f�ݍ�b�q��a��a�c�L��{�a4Ei��[�_�;���R��vY�y7'S�6��~^�x�_��M�=�!��>���m����p�bs�4����k;k��fk�ӮO�����j��������wA�n��en���L�����{�����z/;��m4u��j�_S����^I?S?C�P�k6��7귤+�V�� Experience has shown that smooth surfaces will gall more often than rough surfaces. Any real numbers or a reference link would be appreciated. H�\��j�0��z You accept the use of cookies or other identifiers by closing or dismissing this notice, by scrolling this page, by clicking a link or button or by continuing to browse otherwise.

0000001076 00000 n The difference in hardness will prevent galling. By doing so, only one materials is more likely to wear its protective oxide layer and hence preventing galling. 0000004801 00000 n 2003. Make sure your nut and bolt have a hardness difference of at least 50 Brinell.

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H��V��8���b>���glK�겐�㚅c�^u��*]�6m�]����7N��B�H�����P�x1xH�����Q�V�8���B�"x\~bp�X.�53x?�R�R|\�.$�I0����kp��%�}{u?�p����h�s1�r��X7��Cg��} D;�c��H�f����e��x. 0000012827 00000 n 114 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 117 /H [ 860 336 ] /L 297159 /E 3274 /N 31 /T 294760 >> endobj xref 114 12 0000000016 00000 n ?���x���n�rmѕ� ����6�M����"}Vn��>�,���Mx������lY|I/��]����J�r1��!eeV�W�W�y�~üA�2�n�c�!��2�����Y��s�\2�Ȟ�#� �L����!��a�4{�=�NO��Mh��Ah��Ah��Ah��Ah��A8W��zd�p�s8Wsh��l�� [�-�� �({T�������������������X+Ȭ�sM���Q�㼖tͼF�:Q�e���S���]k��c]�wc�ލ~���7��~���7��~���7��~���7��~���7�+�����W���0����lhHl��N�VMo��h��1���μ���>~������]�f� H� endstream endobj 578 0 obj <> endobj 579 0 obj <>stream • Think about design tolerances.

He has over 40 years in stainless tooling design.

0000031364 00000 n 0000025933 00000 n You should consider coating one or both rings to increase the hardness. How much difference in hardness (in the Rockwell "C" scale) of like materials tends to eliminate or minimize galling on sliding parts?

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Think about it. The hardness differential does, usually, reflect some difference in surface chemistry, and the difference in surface chemistry is what will mitigate galling. 0000001619 00000 n trailer << /Size 126 /Info 112 0 R /Encrypt 116 0 R /Root 115 0 R /Prev 294749 /ID[<53c9ae581e0315ee6e44be2a54da18f4><80462af5a01472031f16022cab828231>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 115 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 108 0 R /Metadata 113 0 R /PageLabels 106 0 R >> endobj 116 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O (�+������$. 4) Dissimilar Metals (Hardness) Another technique to minimize galling is utilize materials of different hardness, for both the nut and the bolt. We have never had anything gall other than stainless on stainless. It should be noted that while using 304 bolts with 316 nuts is often quoted as a cure for galling, the hardness difference is not necessarily sufficient to prevent galling even with a cold rolled, harder 304 thread used against an annealed, softer 316 nut.

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The mechanical fit should be correct – tight enough to prevent vibration and wear, but with sufficient clearance to prevent galling.

This is because the different alloys harden at different rates, lessening the chance of galling. John Hetherington - Montreal, Canada. x�bbbc`b``Ń3� ���ţ�1�x4>P1@� փ � endstream endobj 572 0 obj <>/ViewerPreferences<>/Metadata 13 0 R/Pages 12 0 R/StructTreeRoot 15 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 573 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 574 0 obj <> endobj 575 0 obj <> endobj 576 0 obj <> endobj 577 0 obj <>stream

0000000609 00000 n It has been stated that to increase wear resistance, hardness should be increased by alloying or heat treatment.

Options that we have used include Stellite, HVOF Tungsten Carbide, "Hardide".

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0000005129 00000 n 0000002376 00000 n Galling tends to be associated with wear rings of the same or similar hardness.

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0 0��� endstream endobj 583 0 obj <> endobj 584 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceRGB 252 599 0 R] endobj 585 0 obj <> endobj 586 0 obj <> endobj 587 0 obj <> endobj 588 0 obj <>stream I have a good source that I will pose the question to.

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