However, there is also a notation technique called Fixed Do. So, how do we notate a Minor scale in Solfege? Just like regular letter notes aren’t just used in scales, we can use Solfege to sing melodies. The diagrams above show the scale over one octave, but keep in mind that this same pattern repeats itself across the keyboard. The vowels for Me, Le, and Te match the sound for Re (so they sound like May, Lay, and Tay). And so forth. Hence you can not start it again.

Solfege has a system for sharps and flats as well called Chromatic Solfege which is all the notes from the chromatic scale.

You should learn the major and minor solfege syllables fluently. All you need to know for this post is that the main solfege notes come from the major scale. The version of solfege we use moves Do to always be the keynote. Note the caret above each number.

Make sure you can connect solfege syllables to scale degree numbers and back again. I happen to like using solfege most often, as I think it is the most versatile, but you will see these words over and over again. Welcome to Hello Music Theory! So here is our solfege for the notes in C major. But to do so, we need to start the scale on La, instead of Do.

Here’s what it looks like (spanning one octave): And here it is with the scale degrees indicated: Notice the unique major scale pattern: Whole, whole, half; whole, whole, whole, half. black keys: F# (first black note in Zone 2). Thanks for stopping by and if you have any questions get in touch! To say these numbers out loud, we can say either “scale degree one” or “the first scale degree.” For example, Sol is the fifth scale degree. All scales are infinite – they go on forever in both directions.

Again, it’s not used very often but it’s helpful for you to know about and be able to use, you probably won’t find it much in real life. A final set of labels can be called scale degree names. Here is the solfege for C natural minor. F# is the 7th degree, and so on. Is the note A part of the upper or lower tetrachord of a G major scale? The most well-known use of solfege is this song from The Sound of Music (above). notation style mentioned above.

The major scale is the “happy” sounding scale, and the minor scale is “sad” sounding. Solfege is a system of notation in which every note of a scale is given a specific syllable that is always said for that note.

Please make sure you know these terms as well. The scale of a piece of music is usually indicated by a key signature, a symbol that flattens or sharpens specific lines or spaces on the staff. Solfege for minor scales is different based on whether or not you used Do-based or La-based minor. It’s much easier to remember 4-note patterns than 7 or 8-note patterns, so breaking it down into two parts can be very helpful. Do-based minor is similar to what we’ve been learning so far, and just takes the flattened 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes (Me, Le, and Te instead of Mi, La, and Ti). © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. So, a C Minor scale in La-based Minor would look like this: This way is much less common than Do-based Minor instead keeping the scale in its relative minor (Eb major in this case) but starting on the 6th degree of the scale. In this case, that’s the note G. This kind of “rounds off” the scale, and makes it sound complete.

Now that you know your keys and scales, we can name all of the notes in a key.

If you want to learn all about accidentals, check out our post here. The key to doing this is focusing on which white keys and which black keys are part of the scale. These signs are called accidentals, and they are often used to make a scale or melody a bit more interesting or unique. But what if you want to change some of the notes in the scale? The other kind of Minor scale we can have in solfege is La-based Minor. La-based minor emphasizes the relationship between Major and Minor keys in the first place (how they use the same notes but start on different pitches). Here it is in all 4 commonly used clefs – treble, bass, alto and tenor: The rest of the notation examples will be shown in treble clef, but all the examples are provided for reference in the others 3 clefs as well at the end of this lesson. First, however, it could be helpful to brush up on what a scale is and how we play it. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. This caret tells us we are talking specifically about scale degrees. That’s why Mi and Ti don’t have a sharp version (because the note one semitone above them is already another note) and why Do and Fa don’t have a flat version. The difference between Mi and Fa, and Ti and Do, is a single semitone, meaning there’s no way for an additional note to be placed in between them. The raised pitches in harmonic and natural minor match La and Ti in the major scale. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. A scale can start on any note. For minor, since the third, sixth, and seventh notes change, we have different syllables for the changing notes. Practice Solfege with the Circle of Fifths Interactive Tool How to use this tool: Select the appropriate clef (Treble or Bass) Click on one of the keys; Click on the image to hear the appropriate Solfege …

Here is the solfege for C natural minor. This is be because the main character Maria explains the notes, how to pronounce them, and where they are in the major scale. What if you want to make a note sharp (♯) and move it up one semitone, or make it flat (♭) and move it down one semitone, or take a note that’s already sharp or flat and make it natural (♮)? This notation is what is called Moveable Do, meaning the word ‘Do’ moves to wherever the starting note of the major scale is at the time. The lower tetrachord of G major is made up of the notes G, A, B, and C. The upper tetrachord is made up of the notes D, E, F#, and G. These two 4-note segments are joined by a whole-step in the middle.

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